Nine Facts about Ramadan

Today marks the first full day of Ramadan, which is observed by followers of Islam with a month of fasting and spiritual reflection.

In honor of this, the ninth month of the Islamic calendar, the library is highlighting nine facts and resources about Ramadan. As always, you are welcome to consult a librarian if you’d like to delve deeper into this topic. (NOTE: All hyperlinked sources will require you to log in with your Clayton State network username and password)

Nine facts about Ramadan

1. Fasting takes place between dawn and dusk. The fast is broken each evening with a meal called iftar. Iftar practices vary among Muslim communities but it is typically a social affair featuring traditional food dishes. Source: “Ramadan.” Encyclopædia Britannica (2014): Research Starters. Web. 18 June 2015.



2. In addition to fasting and prayer, Ramadan is observed through the recitation of the Koran, Islam’s holy book, as seen in this image of Iranian men and women at the shrine of Saint Mohammad Helal Ibn Ali. Source: UPI, EBSCO Image Collection. Web. 18 June 2015.

3. The notion of fasting for an entire month may seem daunting. But many Muslims report the absence of hunger after only a few days. Source: Ramadan: A Fast of Faith. Films On Demand. Films Media Group, 1997. Web. 18 June 2015.

4. In a National Geographic article, Jeffrey Smith describes the large meals with “seemingly endless” portions enjoyed at the end of the day and points out that many Muslims may actually gain weight during Ramadan. Source: Smith, Jeffrey. “A Picture Is Worth 1,000 Words: Enhancing A Sense Of Community During Ramadan.” American Geographical Society’s Focus On Geography 57.4 (2014): 174-175. Business Source Complete. Web. 18 June 2015.

5. The 2012 summer Olympics coincided with the month of Ramadan, and Muslim athletes had tough choices to make. Effects of fasting vary depending upon the type of event and the time of day, with dehydration being a top concern. Some athletes, though, feel that fasting makes them more focused on achieving their goals. Source: Geddes, Linda. “Will Ramadan Fast Slow Olympic Muslims Down?.” New Scientist 211.2825 (2011): 9. Advanced Placement Source. Web. 18 June 2015.

6. The observance of Ramadan in the United States has evolved over the years with greater numbers participating overall and in specific activities beyond fasting and prayer to create a uniquely American observance of the holy month. Source: Siddiqi, Iman. “The Evolution of the Observance of Ramadan in America.(Cover Story).” Islamic Horizons 43.4 (2014): 20-24. Readers’ Guide Full Text Mega (H.W. Wilson). Web. 18 June 2015.

7. Gift giving is also a part of Ramadan. This children’s story describes one boy’s experience of his first time fasting for Ramadan. Source: Ellis, Kim. “Gifts Of Ramadan.” Cricket 42.8 (2015): 13-16. MasterFILE Elite. Web. 18 June 2015.

8. Although the observance of Ramadan is a religious and cultural practice, its effects can be seen in the stock markets of  countries with significant Muslim populations. Source: Barmak, Sarah. “The Ramadan Effect.” Canadian Business 85.14 (2012): 62-63. Business Source Complete. Web. 18 June 2015.

9. Persons with diabetes should be aware of potential complications as a result of fasting. These individuals should consult  a health care provider prior to fasting for a pre-Ramadan assessment. Those whose diabetes is managed through medication or insulin may need to adjust the timing and dosages of these therapies.  Source: Chamsi-Pasha, Hassan, and Khalid S. Aljabri. “The Diabetic Patient In Ramadan.” Avicenna Journal Of Medicine 4.2 (2014): 29-33. Academic Search Complete. Web. 18 June 2015.

Library of Congress names 1st Latino poet laureate- Juan Felipe Herrera

By slowking (Own work) [GFDL 1.2 (, via Wikimedia Commons

This week the Library of Congress named Juan Felipe Herrera the U.S. poet laureate for the 2015-16 term. The son of Mexican immigrants, Herrera is the nation’s first Latino in the honor’s nearly 80 year history. The position’s full title is Poet Laureate Consultant in Poetry to the Library of Congress and past honorees have led initiatives to increase awareness and appreciation for poetry across the country (“Librarian of Congress Appoints”).

Herrera’s hope for his role is to “take everything I have in me, weave it, merge it with the beauty that is in the Library of Congress, all the resources, the guidance of the staff and departments, and launch it with the heart-shaped dreams of the people” (qtd. in “Librarian of Congress Appoints”). According to the Library of Congress news release, he will begin his duties this fall, kicking things off with a reading of his work on the first day of Hispanic Heritage Month, September 15th, at the Coolidge Auditorium.

Herrera has been described as “one of the finest, most innovative, and most challenging contemporary Chicano poets” (Flores 137). He has written for children and adults, and is also an actor and musician. Herrera’s work is inspired by his Chicano heritage and he writes with a mixture of Spanish and English. His early work featured a narrative style with pre-Columbian themes and topics prevalent at the time such as nationalism, cultural pride, and racial discrimination. Later, his work focused on the imagery of the urban landscape and modern Chicano experience (Flores 138;  Rodriguez). At the beginning of the 21st century, Herrera described his evolving style as “more comedy with a dash of mystic sauce” (qtd. in “Juan Felipe Herrera (1948-)” 88).

You can learn more about Juan Felipe Herrera by exploring the library’s digital resources. A search for “Juan Felipe Herrera” on the library’s home page returns over 1,000 results that include biographical sketches, news items, scholarly articles, reviews, and, of course, examples of the poet’s work. You can even find images of the poet leading a workshop for university students in California. Searching in Artemis Literary Sources (just click “A” in the Alphabetical List of Resources on the library’s home page) for “Herrera, Juan Felipe” returns two biographical sketches and two topic overviews that include Herrera’s work. The Flores article from the Dictionary of Literary Biography available through Artemis includes scanned images of handwritten poem drafts and notes.

If you would like to explore this topic further and need a helping hand, please use any of our Ask a Librarian options to contact a librarian and we will work with you to get you the information you need.

Works cited
Flores, Lauro H. “Juan Felipe Herrera (27 December 1948-).” Chicano Writers: Second Series. Ed. Francisco A. Lomeli and Carl R. Shirley. Vol. 122. Detroit: Gale, 1992. 137-145. Dictionary of Literary Biography. Web. 11 June 2015. [Click here to access with Clayton State network credentials]

“Juan Felipe Herrera (1948-).” Something About the Author. Ed. Alan Hedblad. Vol. 127. Detroit: Gale, 2002. 67-71. Something About the Author. Web. 11 June 2015. [Click here to access with Clayton State network credentials]

“Librarian of Congress Appoints Juan Felipe Herrera Poet Laureate.” News from the Library of Congress. Library of Congress, 10 Jun. 2015. Web. 11 Jun. 2015. [Click here to access]

Rodriguez, Andres. “Contemporary Chicano Poetry: The Work Of Michael Sierra, Juan Felipe Herrera And Luis J. Rodriguez.” Bilingual Review 21.3 (1996): 203-218. Academic Search Complete. Web. 11 June 2015. [Click here to access with Clayton State network credentials]




Top 5: Films on Demand, May 2015


Films on Demand is an online streaming video subscription available to all Clayton State students. Last month users were busy watching the following titles:

5. North Korea: Secret Nation (18 mins)
This undercover report documents the stark poverty and extreme repression in North Korea that exist alongside spectacular cultural events and age-old customs unfettered by political ideology. Posing as a tourist, broadcast journalist Janet Choi risked arrest to get an inside look at one of the planet’s most secretive-and brutally totalitarian-countries while under surveillance by a police “tour guide.” Archival footage, an interview with a defector, and commentary by Dr. Daniel Pinkston and Timothy McCarthy, both of the Center for Nonproliferation Studies, provide additional insights into the country’s history, culture, military posture, and living conditions.

4. Aspects of Melody (5 mins)
Can you sing it? A certain melody, that is. This Chat examines different types of melodies, on the spectrum from simple to complex. Part of the Discovery Orchestra Chat series.

3. Fighting Back 1957–1962: Eyes on the Prize—America’s Civil Rights Movement 1954–1985 (60 mins)
States’ rights loyalists and federal authorities collide in the 1957 battle to integrate Little Rock’s Central High School, and again in James Meredith’s 1962 challenge to segregation at the University of Mississippi. Both times, a Southern governor squares off with a U.S. president, violence erupts—and integration is carried out.

2. Frantz Fanon: Black Skin, White Mask (52 mins)
Frantz Fanon’s two major works, Black Skin, White Masks (1952) and The Wretched of the Earth (1961), were pioneering studies of the psychological impact of racism on both colonized and colonizer. This program explores the preeminent theorist of anti-colonialism, integrating the facts of Fanon’s brief but eventful life with his long and tortuous inner journey. Interviews with family members and friends, documentary footage, readings from Fanon’s work, and dramatizations of crucial moments in his life are woven together, while cultural critics Stuart Hall and Françoise Verges provide historical context for Fanon’s philosophies.

and the number 1 Films on Demand video for March is:

1. TEDTalks: Elyn Saks—A Tale of Mental Illness…from the Inside (15 mins)
“Is it okay if I totally trash your office?” It’s a question Elyn Saks once asked her doctor, and it wasn’t a joke. A legal scholar, in 2007 Saks came forward with her own story of schizophrenia—a condition controlled by drugs and therapy yet ever-present. In this powerful TEDTalk, she asks us to see people with mental illnesses clearly, honestly, and compassionately.

Got Questions? Ask a Librarian

June Featured Resource: Archives Unbound

Archives Unbound collections provide unique support to learning through the use of primary sources. Discover the background of the ideas and debates that have defined our regional, national, and global society. These specialized historical document collections offer a glimpse into rare, authoritative material in a cross-searchable, digital format.


Clayton State researchers can search the collections independently or simultaneously using the Archives Unbound platform.

  1. Confederate Newspapers: A Collection from Florida, Georgia, Tennessee, Virginia and Alabama – a mixture of issues and papers from 1861-1865
  2. Correspondence from German Concentration Camps and Prisons – consists of items originating from prisoners held in German concentration camps, internment and transit camps, Gestapo prisons, and POW camps, during and just prior to World War II
  3. Industrial Mobilization in Britain and the Ministry of Munitions, 1915-1918 – covers the unprecedented industrial mobilization of an entire economy to fight the war of 1914-1918
  4. Military Leaders of World War I: Official and Private Papers of Generaloberst Hans von Seeckt – consist of letters, diaries, newspaper clippings, maps, reports and other papers of Generaloberst Hans von Seeckt a prominent German military strategist of World War I
  5. Reporting on the Coal Industry: The Coal Trade Bulletin, 1901-1918 – traces the expansion of the coal industry in the early twentieth century and brings to life the trials and tribulations of a burgeoning industry
  6. The Savings and Loan Crisis: Loss of Public Trust and the Federal Bailout, 1989-1993 – consists of correspondence, memoranda, studies, analyses, testimony, talking points and news clippings from the White House and various staff offices and agencies detailing the origins of the S&L crisis and outlined solutions to the growing crisis in the late 1980s and early 1990s
  7. Tiananmen Square and U.S.-China relations, 1989-1993 – offers unique primary source documents relating to the demonstrations and their aftermath: public mail, memoranda, reports, cables, meeting notes, news clippings and much more

Computer & Network Usage Policy

The primary purpose of Clayton State University Library computers and equipment is to meet the research and information needs of the students, faculty and staff of the University. To protect this valuable resource, users are now required to log in using an authorized Clayton State University SWAN username and password. Campus visitors can request guest access from any available library staff member.

Authentication is necessary to provide services, enhance network security and protect personal information. Users are responsible for activity associated with their user accounts, so keep your account safe by creating a strong password that you never share with others.


The computer will automatically log off if left idle, so keep an eye on the screen for the Screen Loch inactivity warning. To avoid the alert you can move the mouse or press any key every few minutes. After the computer logs off, whether intentionally or due to inactivity, the computer deletes all activity including any files saved to the desktop, temp files or hard drive. Save your files to or a flash drive to avoid losing your work.


Computers are not to be left unattended so make sure you remember to log off your account when stepping away for a break or when you are finished using the computer. If you need to report a problem with the computer or need assistance, use the blue ? help icon on the desktop to contact a library staff member. logoff(small)

Campus visitors are required to show a government-issued photo ID to obtain a guest username and password for one login. A log off will end the single session and expire the temporary guest username and password. Visitors may request another login. To ensure computer availability for Clayton State students, faculty or staff, visitors may be asked to relinquish use of computing resources during peak times.

By using Clayton State University Library computing resources, the user agrees to comply with all policies of the University and the Library, and with all applicable laws governing privacy and usage.

Clayton State University Campus Computer & Network Acceptable Usage Policy
Clayton State University Computer, Network, & Information Security Policy and Plan
Clayton State University Library Computer & Network Usage Policy

Do you have questions about using the library’s computers? Submit your question to LibAnswers and we will respond as soon as possible.

New Resource: The Cochrane Library

The Cochrane Library is an evidence-based medicine resource that summarizes results of high-quality medical research to support health care decision-making. The collection consists of 6 databases:

  1. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (CDSR)
  2. Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL)
  3. Cochrane Methodology Register (CMR)
  4. Database of Abstracts of Reviews of Effects (DARE)
  5. Health Technology Assessment Database (HTA)
  6. NHS Economic Evaluation Database (EED)


The default search looks for word(s) in the title, abstract and keyword fields. The advanced search allows researchers to apply more complex search strategies using AND, OR and NOT. Read the Cochrane Library Search Tour handout for more search tips and an overview of the features offered.

Got Questions? Ask a Librarian

Money Smart Friday – Protect

Money Smart Week is drawing to a close. So far, we’ve shared tips and resources for earning, borrowing, saving, investing, and spending money. Today, we’ll talk about protecting yourself and your financial situation.

MyMoney FiveWhat does it mean to protect your money? First, you want to be prepared for emergencies by accumulating savings, purchasing adequate insurance, and planning for the future with documents like a will. Second, be aware of scams and protect yourself from people who would try and take your money from you. Lastly, keep good records of all financial documents. Here are some things to remember:

  • Review all financial statements and bills and question any unusual charges.
  • If something seems “too good to be true” it probably is.
  • Think twice before you share your personal information like social security number, bank account numbers, passwords, birth date, etc.

Use these resources to help you do what it takes to protect your finances and be Money Smart.
(Resources with * require you to enter your SWAN username and password for off-campus access. Resources with + are calculators available on library resource RIA Checkpoint. To access these, start at the library homepage, click “R” in the alphabetical list, scroll down and click RIA Checkpoint, then click “Tools”)

Plan for the future
Homeowner’s and Renter’s Insurance tips
Help with Health Insurance
Financial Readiness: As critical as fully charged batteries
How to bounce back from five of life’s biggest financial emergencies
One day you’re going to die; here’s how to prepare for it
Life expectancy +
Savings goals +
Funding your dreams generation to generation: intergenerational financial planning to ensure your family’s health, wealth, and personal values (ebook) *

Financial records
Managing household records
How long should you keep your financial documents?
How to organize your records in case of an emergency

Fraud and theft protection
Protect yourself and recover from Identity Theft
Scam alerts (from the Federal Trade Commission)
Use this IRS form to stop tax refund fraud in its tracks
Identity theft poses extra trouble for children
Identity theft (online video) *

We hope you’ve enjoyed Money Smart Week and learning about the MyMoney Five principles. If there’s anything we missed or you’d like to know more about, just let us know in the comments here, on Facebook, or on Twitter.

Money Smart Thursday- Spend

Now that we’ve learned about earning, borrowing, saving, and investing our money, it’s time to talk about spending it. Spend is the fourth of the MyMoney Five principles.

Of course, spending money is easy, at least for many of us. But how easy is it to be Money Smart about our spending? Here are some guidelines to follow to help you manage money wisely:

  • Live and spend within your means
  • Compare prices and quality before making a big purchase (or even a small one)
  • Keep track of your spending with a budget
  • Make long and short-term goals and make sure your purchases doesn’t detract from those goals

MyMoney FiveEasier said than done, though, right? Check out these resources to help you put these guidelines into practice.
(Resources with * require you to enter your SWAN username and password for off-campus access. Resources with + are calculators available on library resource RIA Checkpoint. To access these, start at the library homepage, click “R” in the alphabetical list, scroll down and click RIA Checkpoint, then click “Tools”)

You Need a Budget– Cloud based budgeting software available FREE for college students
Adult budgeting 101: How to create your first budget in the real world
CNN Money 101 Lesson 2: How to Budget
The Best Apps for Budgeting your Cash
Home Budget calculator +
Student Budget calculator +
Student budget calculator +
The Budget Kit: The common cent$ money management workbook (ebook)*

Track your Spending
Mint Free online financial tracker
Spending Diary Simple online spending tracker
Review: Apps to Track Income and Expenses
Assessing how you manage money: Money Basics online tutorial

Compare prices and quality
The 10 best shopping apps to compare prices
How to save the most money on your grocery budget with a price book
Five Ways to Save Serious Money on Car Repairs
Consumer Reports *
Consumer Reports Buying Guide *

Hopefully, we haven’t sucked all of the fun out of spending money. Rather, we hope you’ve learned how to get the most out of each dollar so that you can continue saving towards all of your financial goals, like that summer vacation!

Come back tomorrow for tips on protecting your money so that it’s there for you when you need it.